#82 Watching the Brazilian Presidential election


As I write, the far right candidate for the Brazilian presidency, Jair Bolsonaro, came knicker grippingly close to winning the presidency in the first round.

The way the system works in Brazil, if a candidate does not achieve 50% plus one vote in the first round then there is a second round contested by the two candidates who received the most votes.

At this moment, Bolsonaro has roughly 46% of the vote and is therefore likely to need to contest a second round against the second place candidate, Fernando Haddad of the PT party.

Four years ago, Dilma Rousseff of PT narrowly won the second round vote against Aecio Neves of PSDB. The country was divided by the result into left and right with the right succeeding in impeaching Rousseff and sending her PT predecessor President Lula to prison on corruption charges.

The desire of the right to rid themself of a PT has been so strong that it has led to the meteoric rise in populularity of the extreme right wing candidate, Bolsonaro. Bolsonaro has been heavily criticised by the left for his allegedly homophobic and misogynist comments. These views were clear in an interview he once conducted with Stephen Fry.

When Rousseff was impeached she was replaced by her Vice President, Michel Temer from PMDB. At the time, the left wing used the hashtag #foratemer meaning ‘Temer Out!’ to express their disgust at what they saw as effectively a coup by the right wing.

Now, the left wing are so disappointed with how close Bolsonaro has come to winning in the first round that they have started to use the hashtag #ficatemer,  or ‘Temer Stay!’ as an ironic expression to say that no matter how bad they thought things were under Temer, the situation under Bolsonaro is undoubtedly going to be worse.

The concern among some is that if Haddad narrowly wins the second round which is expected to be tight,  that the right wing will refuse to recognise the result and may ask the military to intervene.

Recent research found that three quarters of Brazilians think democracy is the best form of government,  the highest approval since the end of the dictatorship but that still leaves a quarter who don’t support democracy.

The last election caused a great deal of animosity between Brazilians. If animosity is the worse the country suffers this time it will be considered a relief.






About M J Dees

M J Dees lives and works in Sao Paulo, Brazil with his wife, daughter and two cats. He has written three novels, Living with Saci, The Astonishing Anniversaries of James and David, Part One, and When The Well Runs Dry. He is currently editing the fourth and writing the fifth. You can sign up for more information on his book launches at http://eepurl.com/cTnAD5 and receive a free copy of Living With Saci.
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